Did you know that many important eye conditions exist that may not have noticeable symptoms in their early stages? Eye diseases such as macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts are just a few examples.
At Eye Care Center of Colorado Springs we are skilled at finding and treating a wide variety of eye health problems. We stress the importance of regular preventive care and use the right testing to find even the most subtle signs of eye disease. Additionally, accidents and physical injury can be a threat. For more information on this type of risk, see our article about Eye Safety Basics.
Loss of central vision is usually found in older patients. Macular degeneration is due to destructive changes in the nerve and blood vessel rich inner lining of the eye called the retina. Early detection requires a careful vision evaluation and physical examination of the retinal layer. The use of specialized imaging equipment such as Optomap Digital Retinal Imaging and the Cirrus HD –OCT permit us to analyze this most sensitive layer of tissue in detail. Many forms of macular degeneration are now treatable and early detection is the key to prevent loss of vision.
The leading cause of blindness world-wide is glaucoma. It is a condition that in its most common form has no symptoms of blurry vision or pain. Usually revealed by elevated internal eye pressure or physical changes in the appearance of the optic nerve glaucoma requires careful examination to detect in its early stages. If you have a family history of glaucoma, cardio-vascular disease, diabetes, or high blood pressure, you have greater risk of developing glaucoma.
A clouding of the crystalline lens within the eye can result in the development of a cataract. Patients are often surprised to learn that signs of cataracts are found when they believe they simply need a change in their glasses or contact lens prescription. A detailed examination of the internal eye is necessary to find cataracts in the earliest stages.
Keratoconus is a non-inflammatory condition in which the clear dome of the eye called the cornea thins and becomes cone-shaped.
It usually affects both eyes and first appears in the second or third decades of life. Keratoconus may cause a progressive decrease in visual ability which leads to corneal transplant surgery in a small percentage of cases. Patients with Keratoconus require the fitting of special contact lenses in order to maintain good eye health and optimal vision. Contact lens options for patients with Keratoconus may range from soft, gas permeable, or other hybrid lens designs.
Corneal Reshaping / Orthokeratology
Dr. Bro and Dr. Whitney are recognized for expertise in fitting contact lenses for corneal reshaping. This is an alternative to traditional eye glasses and contact lenses. Benefits include freedom from wearing glasses and day-time contacts without laser eye surgery. Perhaps most exciting is the role corneal reshaping plays in control of progressive myopia. Corneal reshaping is effective in treating far-sightedness, near-sightedness, and astigmatism.