Eye Care Center of Colorado Springs cares very deeply about preserving and maintaining your vision. We will be alongside you each step of the way: exam, diagnosis, treatment referral and continuing care.
What is a Cataract?
A cataract is a clouding of the lens area of the eye. The lens must be clear in order to focus light correctly onto the retina. When the area is cloudy due to a cataract, the light that normally passes through cannot, causing vision to appear blurry.
Cataracts typically grow slowly and one may take quite awhile before it starts hindering eyesight and affecting daily life.
What Causes a Cataract?
- Injury to the eye
- Inherited genetic disorders
- Already-present eye problems
- Previous surgery
- Steroid use
Common Symptoms of a Cataract
- Vision becomes less clear and harder to correct with a change in eyeglass or contact prescription.
- Colors appear faded or washed out.
- Sensitivity to light develops.
- Halos around lights may be seen.
- Increase in difficulty with vision at night.
- Frequent changes of eyeglass or contact prescription.
How is a Cataract Diagnosed?
One of our eye care specialists will do a comprehensive eye exam to evaluate and check for cataracts. The exam will consist of several tests using a variety of instruments and light. The tests will be used to also rule out other issues that may be causing vision symptoms.
How is a Cataract Treated Once it is Found?
Cataracts cannot be reversed with medications or eye drops. However, once the cataract has reached a point that it is starting to affect your daily functions it may be treated with surgery.
The effects of a cataract will first be monitored by one of our specialist in intervals of 6 months or once per year. Updating eyeglasses and/or contact lens prescriptions may be part of the process. Once the cataract starts affecting your daily functions and lifestyle, a specialist will refer you to a ophthalmologist to see if artificial lens implant surgery is right for you?
Once the surgery is complete, we will want you back in our office for follow-up appointments for a post-op examination and care and any necessary prescription for glasses or contacts.
Types of Cataracts
Nuclear cataracts affect the center of the lens and may cause nearsighted vision. The lens gradually turns yellow and may even turn brown.
Cortical cataracts affects the edges of the lens. Often a problem with glare is noted. This type begins as a whitish color and may have streaks towards the outer edge of the lens.
Posterior Subcapsular Cataract
Posterior subcapsular cataracts affect the back of the lens. Typically vision is hindered when reading, in bright light and the cataract may cause glare or halos around light at night. It generally starts as a small cloudy area near the back of the lens.
Congenital cataracts are cataracts a person is born with. While they don’t always affect vision, they are usually removed once they are found.